Calcium is the most essential mineral needed by the bones in order to form, and therefore, long life time low intake of calcium or deficiency is a clear recipe to suffer from osteoporosis
A person’s bones are constantly in a state of renewal, as old bone breaks down, new one is made. In the early stages of life, the body is able to rejuvenate new bones faster than in old age. This process starts to reverse at around age thirty, and as a natural element of growing old, a person’s bones begins to dissolve and gets absorbed much faster than new bones is made by the body, and the bones naturally gets thinner.
Bone loss increases in women around menopause since the ovaries reduces the production of estrogen, which is the hormone responsible for protecting the body against bone loss. Likewise, osteoporosis is usually seen in males after the age of sixty five, when the production of testosterone, the hormone that protects the men’s body from bone loss declines.
Men are more likely to suffer from osteoporosis-symptoms than women because men tend to have larger skeletons, they start losing bones later, progression of bone loss is slower, and no period of hastened hormonal change. Calcium is the most essential mineral needed by the bones in order to form, and therefore, long life time low intake of calcium or deficiency is a clear recipe to suffer from osteoporosis, as well as, deficiency in vitamin D. when the body is unable to absorb sufficient calcium from the diet that a person takes, then the bones are likely to be more fragile and more likely to become brittle.
Falling is more likely and common in old age due to balancing problems and lack of coordination, which is associated with breaking the hip, while fracture that arise because of the osteoporosis of the vertebrae bones mainly occur in the lower lumber or the middle thoracic area of the spine. These fractures may not result in paralysis, loss of sensation, or interfere with the spinal cord, but in very unique cases they may result into spinal curvature or height loss. The type of osteoporosis-symptoms that is related to pregnancy is a rare situation, though when the bones break, the common ones would be the hip or spine that can occur easily both after and before pregnancy.
The risks factors of getting osteoporosis-causes or diseases for men include heredity, race, falling, undiagnosed testosterone levels, inadequate physical activities, age, chronic lung or kidney diseases, smoking, low calcium intake, alcoholism, and low body weight. On the other hand, the risk factors in women include, incidences of personal fracture in adulthood, smoking, ethnic background, low body weight, early menopause, removing the ovaries surgically, low calcium intake, using therapy that lowers levels of estrogen, poor vision, falling, and inadequate physical activity.
Having a history of some of these ailing also poses a risk factor of developing osteoporosis-causes in both men and women, and they include hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, severe liver disease, kidney failure, pituitary, adrenal disease, malabsorption, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, leukemia, and diabetes. Taking certain medications also increases the risk of the incidence of osteoporosis disease such as seizure medications, heparin, lithium, excess thyroxine, immunosuppressive drugs, and steroids such as hydrocortisone, prednisone, and dexamethasone.